"Art is a fruit that grows in man, like a fruit on a plant, or a child in its mother’s womb"
Hans Jean Arp


Jean Hans Arp was born in Strasbourg. The son of a French mother and a German father, from 1905 to 1907 he studied at the Weimar art school. In 1912 he participated in the second exhibition of the Blaue Reiter in Monaco, where he met Kandinskij and Delaunay. In 1913, in Berlin, he collaborated with Der Sturm: in 1914 in Cologne he met with Max Ernst, and then in Paris with Picasso, M. Jacob, Apollinaire, Cravan and Modigliani. At that time, he composed abstract collages, "elementary constructions".

He was a founding member of the Dada group in Zurich and Cologne, 1916-1919, together with Tristan Tzara and S. Taeuber, his future wife, in the spirit that then led him to adhere to surrealist poetics. In 1930, his first papiers déchirés appeared and Arp’s research opened towards a fuller plasticity, often turning to natural shapes, and aimed at catching and fixing the “creative” or “organic” principle of reality. Among his monumental works: his wood sculpture for Harvard University 1950; his bronze Cloud Shepherd for the University of Caracas, 1953, his mural relief for UNESCO in Paris, 1958.

(courtesy translation from Enciclopedia Treccani)

The photographs published in the TimeLine were taken from the website www.henraux.it and from the Archivio Bessi of Carrara